What is Dental Erosion?

Dental Erosion

What Is Dental Erosion?

Dental erosion can occur to anyone in any age group. Tooth wear and tear is a normal process that occurs as people age, but is severe when the degree of destruction is excessive or the rate of loss is rapid. Dental erosion can cause functional, aesthetic, and sensitivity problems. The process of dental erosion is defined as the chemical loss of mineralized tooth substance caused by exposure to acids not derived from oral bacteria. Another term for dental erosion is teeth demineralization. 

What Are The Causes Of Teeth Erosion? 

Teeth demineralization results in gradual and irreversible loss of tooth mineral substance, and can be caused by intrinsic and/or extrinsic factors. Intrinsic factors are those related to acid reflux and excessive vomiting. Extrinsic dietary factors deal with a person’s diet. Here are some examples of these causes: 

Intrinsic Erosion: 

  • This type of erosion results from the frequent introduction of gastric acids into the teeth at a consistency, duration, and/or intensity that is higher than the saliva’s ability to break it down for an extended period of time. 

  • Stomach acid may reach the teeth in cases of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), a popular condition in which gastric contents reflux back up into the esophagus and/or the mouth. Two common symptoms of GERD are heartburn and/or acid regurgitation.

  • Other erosive challenges from gastric acid occur from excessive vomiting, such as in people who have bulimia nervosa or chronic alcoholism. Rarely does it affect women who are pregnant.

Extrinsic Erosion: 

  • Erosion due to extrinsic factors may arise from a sequence of dietary, lifestyle, environmental or occupational factors that expose teeth to high levels of acid. 

  • Constant consumption of highly acidic fruit and sports drinks, in combination with a dry mouth and dehydration from athletic or extreme exercises, may increase erosion risk.

Other Factors:

  • Environmental and occupational factors: Possible sources of erosive acids include exposure to chlorinated swimming pool water. Swimmers commonly are treated for dental erosion. Erosion has been seen in battery plant workers, picklers, and miners who are around the fumes which are acidic.

What Are The Common Symptoms of Teeth Erosion? 

Dental erosion can be understood as physical damage to teeth but is usually first felt in the form of a toothache or sensitivity to high or low-temperature foods or drinks. The most frequent symptoms of dental erosion include:

  • Tooth pain and sensitivity

  • Discoloration in the form of yellowing

  • Transparency of teeth

  • Small cracks or dents on the surface of the teeth

  • Changes in the appearance of teeth

What Are Treatment Options Available For Dental Erosion?

Treatment of existing teeth erosion varies, depending on the cause. For example, if your teeth demineralization is caused by GERD, then it is important you seek medical attention for these symptoms. When it comes to dental care, normally a patient will schedule an appointment with their dentist for a toothache or a chipped tooth. The dentist will evaluate the extent of the damage, determine a possible cause, and how to address the damage and decay that is present.

Treatment options include:

  • Fillings for minor enamel erosion and decay, often localized in one small area.

  • Crowns for major decay in areas too large for a filling.

  • Veneers for more permanent protection of multiple or all teeth.

The best way to prevent any serious dental or oral health issues is by visiting your dentist twice a year for regular cleaning and check-ups. If you are concerned about a toothache, worried about potential symptoms of dental erosion, or searching for a family or cosmetic dentist in Tallmadge, OH, consider Sisko Dentistry. Dr. Gerald Sisko has 30 years of experience, and together, the Sisko Dentistry team has 225+ years of experience to offer. Call 330-633-9510 to schedule an appointment today.

Facebook
Twitter
Email
LinkedIn
Pinterest
WhatsApp

Further Reading

woman sticking out her tongue

The Benefits of Tongue Cleaning

Embarking on a journey toward comprehensive oral health uncovers a pivotal yet frequently overlooked step: tongue cleaning. This essential aspect of dental care does more than complement your brushing and flossing routine; it serves as a gateway to a fresher, healthier mouth. Our exploration into the world of tongue cleaning will unveil the science behind its benefits, practical tips for effective cleaning, and the profound impact it can have on oral and overall health. As we delve into the nuances of this simple yet transformative practice, prepare to discover how a clean tongue can be the missing link in your quest for optimal oral hygiene and fresher breath.

Read More »
lower half of woman's smiling face as she pulls floss out of container

How to Properly Brush and Floss Your Teeth

Diving into the world of dental care, the twin pillars of a healthy mouth—brushing and flossing—stand as non-negotiable routines for anyone keen on preserving their oral health. Yet, the simplicity of these actions belies the complexity of performing them correctly. This blog post is dedicated to demystifying the art and science behind effective brushing and flossing techniques. From the selection of the right tools to the nuanced motions that ensure a thorough clean, we offer a deep dive into the practices that are essential for keeping plaque at bay, preventing gum disease, and securing a gleaming smile. Leveraging insights from dental experts, this guide promises to elevate your daily oral hygiene routine from mundane to meticulous, ensuring that your teeth and gums receive the care they truly deserve.

Read More »
pretty woman smiling with white teeth

7 Ways to Keep Your Smile Healthy

Maintaining healthy teeth is crucial for overall well-being, affecting not just your smile but also your ability to enjoy food and communicate confidently. Beyond regular brushing and flossing, several key practices can significantly impact dental health. Here are seven essential tips to keep your teeth healthy and your smile bright.

Read More »
Oral cancer medical concept as a mouth with malignant disease cells with 3D illustration elements.

Types of Oral Cancers

Oral cancer is a serious health concern that affects thousands of people worldwide every year. It refers to cancer that develops in any part of the mouth, including the lips, tongue, cheeks, floor of the mouth, hard and soft palate, sinuses, and pharynx (throat). Early detection and treatment are crucial for improving the prognosis of oral cancer, which underscores the importance of regular dental appointments. In this blog, we will explore the different types of oral cancers and highlight why regular dental check-ups are vital for early intervention.

Read More »
Skip to content